A Christ Filled Life – Getting To Know Jesus
v1, A new section of the Book of Proverbs, begins with the words of Agur. Like Lemuel (31:1-9), Agur was a non-Hebrew contributor to the Book of Proverbs. He came to faith in the God of Israel in a foreign land. We know nothing about his father Jakeh, but the word translated “his utterance” may be a place name. Ithiel and Ucal were probably Agur’s pupils. Since the back to back repetition of the name Ittiel is unusual, some construe the Hebrew letters differently and translate the text “I have wearied myself oh God; I have wearied myself oh God, and am consumed.” This would fit the context of the following verses. Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary.
“Sayings of Agur”, Proverbs 30:1) The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, even the prophecy; the man spake unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal, 2) Surely I am more brutish (ignorant) than any man, and have not the understanding of a man. Psalm 73:22. 3) I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the Holy. 4) Who hath ascended up into Heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is His name, and what is His Son’s name, if thou canst tell? 5) Every Word of God is pure: He is a shield unto them that put their trust in Him. 6) Add thou not unto His Words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar. Revelation 22:18. 7) Two things have I required of thee, deny me them not before I die: 8) Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches, feed me with food convenient for me: Matthew 6:11. 9) Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the Lord? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain. 10) Accuse not a servant unto his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty. 11) There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother. 12) There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness. Isaiah 65;5; Titus 1;15, 16. 13) There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up. 14) There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men. Psalm 14;4; Amos 8:4. 15) The horseleach (leech) hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough (wealth). 16) The grave; and the barren womb; the earth that is not filled with water: and the fire that saith not, It is enough. Habakkuk 2:5. 17) The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagle shall eat it.
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v2-3, Agur means he was at a loss. Similarly, his denial of knowledge of the Holy One is a rhetorical flourish as well. Agur was stating with dramatic irony that he could not explain the puzzle before him. v4, This verse gives the riddle that perplexed Agur. The Old Testament would answer that “His Name” is the Lord God, but did not have a name for His Son. This riddle was to remain unsolved until Jesus answered it for Nicodemus (John 3:13). v11-16, Agur wrote about a generation plagued by social ills, such as lack of respect of parents, self-righteousness, greed, and selfishness. v17, The lack of parental respect in v.11 leads to this curse.
Matthew Henry’s Concise Bible Commentary – v10, Slander not a servant to his master, to make mischief.
More to come and God Bless You.