A Christ Filled Life – Getting To Know Jesus
v1, This verse begins a new section of material from a non-Israelite source. Some have thought that the name Lemuel, meaning “Belonging to God,” is a pseudonym for Solomon, but this is only a guess.
“Sayings of King Lemuel”, Proverbs 31:1) The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy (burden) that his mother taught him. 2) What, my son? and what, the son of my womb? and what, the son of my vows? 3) Give not thy strength unto women, nor thy ways to that which destroyeth kings. 4) It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink: Ecclesiastes 10:17. 5) Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted. 6) Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts. Psalm 104:15. 7) Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more. 8) Open thy mouth for the dumb (speechless) in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction. 9) Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy. Isaiah 1:17. 10) Who can find a virtuous (morally good) woman? for her price is far above rubies. 11) The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil. 12) She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life. 13) She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands. 14) She is like the merchants’ ships; she bringeth her food from afar. 15) She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens. Romans 12:11; Luke 12:42. 16) She considereth a field, and buyeth it: with the fruit of her hands she planteth a vineyard. 17) She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms. 18) She perceiveth that her merchandise is good: her candle goeth not out by night. 19) She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff. 20) She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy. 21) She is not afraid of the snow for her household: for all her household are clothed with scarlet (or double garments). 22) She maketh herself covering of tapestry; her clothing is silk and purple. 23) Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land. Deuteronomy 16:18.
Quest Study Bible – v1 cont’d, Lemuel shares wisdom that came from his mother, stressing the role a mother can have in building character into her children.
Nelson’s Compact Bible Commentary – v2-7, Often in the ancient world a king would amass a large harem of women to involve himself sexually. The wisdom of Lemuel’s mother was that such behavior destroys rulers. She likewise advised him to avoid intoxicating drink, so that he could always have a clear head. v8-9, The duty of a king in the ancient world was to defend the weak, to uphold the helpless. One day, the King, the Defender of the helpless will establish His Righteous Reign (23:10, 11). v10-12, Proverbs 31:10-31 is an acrostic poem: each verse begins with an successive letter of the Hebrew alphabet (S). v13-15, The woman they describe does things she enjoys, finding fulfillment in varied tasks. v16-17, that is, she buys and sells and builds her own resources. v18-19, One of the avenues the woman exploits is a “cottage industry” (using her home and her own equipment to make products to sell) . v20-22, She can be concerned for others because she has provided for her family. v23, The virtuous women’s husband has a position as an elder (importance). Some of this comes from his wife’s reputation.