A Christ Filled Life – Getting To Know Jesus
“Stephen’s Speech To The Sanhedrin”, Acts 7:1) Then said the high priest, Are these things so? 2) And he said, Men, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran, 3) And said unto him, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and come into the land which I shall shew thee. Genesis 12:1. 4) Then came he out of the land of the Chaldeans, and dwelt in Charran: and from thence, when his father was dead, He removed him into this land, wherein ye now dwell. Hebrews 11:8. 5) And He gave none inheritance in it, no, not so much as to set his foot on: yet He promised that He would give it to him for a possession, and to his seed after him, when as yet he had no child. Genesis 12;7; Exodus 6:7, 8; Nehemiah 9:8, 24. 6) And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years. 1Peter 2:11; Exodus 12;40. 7) And the nation to whom they shall be in bondage will I judge, said God: and after that shall they come forth, and serve Me in this place. Exodus 3;12. 8) And He gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day, and Isaac begat Jacob, and Jacob begat the twelve patriarchs. 9) And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him, 10) And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house. Genesis 42:6, 11) Now there came a dearth (famine) over all the land of Egypt and Chanaan, and great affliction: and our fathers found no sustenance. 12) But when Jacob heard that there was corn in Egypt , he sent out our fathers first. 13) And at the second time Joseph was made known to his brethren; and Joseph’s kindred was made known unto Pharaoh. 14) Then sent Joseph, and called his father Jacob to him, and all his kindred, threescore and fifteen souls (75). Deuteronomy 10:22. 15) So Jacob went down into Egypt, and died, he, and our fathers, Genesis 49:33, Exodus 1:6. 16) And were carried over into Sychem, and laid in the sepulcher that Abraham bought for a sum of money of the sons of Emmor the father of Sychem. 17) But when the time of the promise drew nigh, which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt, Genesis 15:13. 18) Till another king arose, which knew not Joseph. 19) The same dealt subtilly (treacherously) with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young children, to the end they might not live (forced them to throw out their newborn babies that they might die). 20) In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father’s house three months: Exodus 2:2. 21) And when he was cast out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son. 22) And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds. Luke 24;19. 23) And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. Exodus 2:11. 24) And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian: 25) For (or Now) he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God by his hand would deliver them: but they understood not. 26) And the next day he shewed himself unto them as they strove, and would have set them at one (reconcile) again, saying, Sirs, ye are brethren, why do ye wrong one to another? 27) But he that did his neighbor wrong thrust him away saying, Who made thee a ruler and a judge over us? Luke 12:14. 28) Wilt thou kill me, as thou diddest the Egyptian yesterday? 29) Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons. Exodus 2:15; Numbers 12:1.
Quest Study Bible – v2-29, Where did Luke get the details of Stephen’s speech? Luke likely drew from several resources. He may have talked to some who heard the story and retold it. Before Scripture was written down, it was carefully passed on as oral tradition. The story of the first martyr would have been an important story to the church. v8, The covenant of circumcision: Circumcision was a sign of the agreement (or covenant) between God, Abraham and the entire nation of Israel (Genesis 17:9). In his speech Stephen emphasizes that God always kept his side of the agreement, but Israel broke the agreement time after time by ignoring God’s commands.
Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary – v1 -16, Stephen was charged a blasphemer of God. The slow steps by which the promise made to Abraham advanced, plainly show that it had a spiritual meaning, and that the land intended was the Heavenly. God owned Joseph in his troubles and was with him by the power of His Spirit. Stephen reminds the Jews of their mean beginning as a check to priding themselves in the glories of that nation. Likewise, of the wickedness of the patriarchs of their tribes in envying their brother Joseph; and the same spirit was still working in them toward Christ and His ministers. v17-29, Let us not be discouraged at the slowness of the fulfilling of God’s promises. Suffering times often are growing times with the Church. God is preparing for His people’s deliverance, when their day is darkest, and their distress deepest. God took special care of Moses and will take special care of those whom He designs to make special use. They persecuted Stephen for disputing in defense of Christ and His Gospel. Although men, who shut their eyes, prolong their own miseries, yet the Lord will take care of His servants, and effect His own designs of mercy. Amen.
More to come and God Bless You.