A Christ Filled Life – Getting To Know Jesus
“Jesus Appears To The Disciples”, John 20:19) Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36. 20) And when He had so said, He shewed unto them His hands and His side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord. 1John 1:1. 21) Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as My Father hath sent Me, even so send I you. Hebrews 3:1; 2Timothy 2:2. 22) And when He had said this, He Breathed on them, and saith unto them, receive ye the Holy Ghost: 23) Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose so ever sins ye retain, they are retained. Acts 2:38.
Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary – v19-22 The disciples had shut the doors for fear of the Jews; and when they had no such expectation, miraculously, Jesus Himself came and stood in the midst of them. When He manifests His love to believers by the comforts of His Spirit; He assures them that because He lives, they shall live also. A sight of Christ will gladden the heart of a disciple at any time, and the more we see of Jesus , the more we shall rejoice.
Nelson’s Compact Commentary – v19, 20 Jesus came and stood in the midst…….. Christ’s appearance was miraculous, because the doors were shut. Jesus, as God, could perform a variety of miracles without requiring a change in His humanity. Here Christ’s body was a physical body, the same body in which He died and was buried. The difference is that His flesh had been changed to take on immortality and incorruptibility (1Corinthians 15:53). 21) As…..indicates that the disciples were commissioned to carry on Christ’s work, not to begin a new one. 22) Receive the Holy Ghost…….The ministry to which Jesus called the Disciples (v21, Matthew 28:16-2; Luke 24:47-49) requires spiritual power. Here Jesus breathed the Spirit into the disciples. At Pentecost the Spirit unified the Believers into one body and empowered them to testify of Jesus (1Corinthians 12:13). v23 If you forgive…….The Apostles knew that only God could forgive sins (Mark 2:7). Jesus was speaking of the responsibility of the Church to declare the gospel to all the world, so those who believe in Jesus can find the precious gift of forgiveness (Matthew 16:19).
Quest Study Bible – Can Christians forgive others’ sins? (20:23). The scriptures teach that God alone can forgive sins. So Jesus was not giving His followers the authority to pardon sin or pronounce judgment on their own. What then did Jesus mean? There may be a clue in the Old Testament concept of the things a prophet did. A prophet was said to have accomplished things he actually only reported. When he declared something done (Jeremiah 1:10) it was as though he had done it himself. Jesus gave to the disciples, led by the Holy Spirit (v22), the authority to declare what God had already done when someone trusts in Christ. When you forgive anyone’s sins, He seems to be saying, they have already been forgiven, when you announce they are not forgiven (for failing to trust in Christ), they have not been forgiven. Anyone involved in sharing the gospel with others has the authority in Christ’s name to announce a person’s sins forgiven or not forgiven, depending on their response to the Gospel Message. Amen.